The Sublime Symmetry of Brother Sun, Sister Moon

Katherine Paterson, acclaimed author and National Ambassador for Young People’s Literature, has infused her version of St. Francis’s hymn of praise with the same joyous reverence as the original “Canticle of the Creatures,” written in 1224. In Brother Sun, Sister Moon, the sensitive combination of polished poetic text and glorious illustrations result in a sublime feat.

Bold, giant sunflowers towering over a small squirrel and rabbit greet readers as they enter a series of playful, meticulously framed medieval scenes spanning the seasons and the phases of life. We see peasants plowing, planting, and harvesting, as well as children running, playing with dolls, and embracing each other. Humans mingle harmoniously with farm and woodland animals in the double-spread illustrations framed by elements of nature: peachy lilies, ripe persimmons, oak leaves studded with plump acorns.

Pamela Dalton, in her first children’s book, displays remarkable talent in her scherenschnitte (“scissor cuts”), a technique practiced in 16th century Germany and Switzerland and brought to Pennsylvania by German settlers in the 18th century. She has cut each illustration from a single piece of paper, painted it with watercolors, and set it all upon a black background. (Check out this YouTube if you’d like to see the illustrator demonstrate her methods.) The result is that both illustrations and text have beautifully crafted spaces in which to shine.

“We praise you for our Brother Sun,/ who in his radiant dawning/ every day reminds us that it was/ you who brought forth light.” Ms. Paterson’s words are bordered by sheaves of golden wheat and topped by a rich Old World scene of children holding hands, of reapers in the fields, and of hives, hungry bees, and fluttering butterflies.

The only distracting aspect of Ms. Dalton’s illustrations depicting images of plants and animals that inhabit the central Italian countryside, is that the children, with their kerchiefs and their straw or ash-brown hair, look Germanic rather than Italian. This is especially ironic since Francis felt so attached to his homeland and his people that he chose to write in his local Umbrian dialect rather than in the Latin spoken in the church. Despite this incongruity, one would hate to imagine this picture book without these illustrations. The symmetry, the intricate details, the intelligent selection of activities, and the obvious reverence for the natural world all beautifully evoke the spirit of Paterson’s poem based on St. Francis’s hymn.

Katherine Paterson shows she is up to the daunting task of transforming the text of a saint beloved for his gentle, peaceable spirit. The daughter of missionaries, she spent four years in Japan as a missionary, studied the Bible in graduate school, and married a Presbyterian minister. In addition to her thought-provoking young-adult and middle-grades novels such as Bridge to Terabithia, she has explored Christian faith in her nonfiction books.

The stellar accomplishment of Brother Sun, Sister Moon is that people of all faiths—or of none at all—can appreciate the life-affirming spirit of her poem: “For all your gifts – for this wondrous universe in which we live, for family, for friends, for work and play,/ for this life and the life to come — / we sing our praise to you,” she writes, buoyed by images of children jumping rope and sharing fresh bread.

In Paterson’s prayer to “the Father and Mother of all creation,” she offers readers a simple, beautiful gift worthy of its roots. Rounding out this picture book is the translated text of “The Canticle of the Creatures,” as well as interesting notes from the illustrator and the author, the latter who says she grew to understand what Francis meant when he wrote: “I have come to learn God adores His creation.”

Reprinted with permission of New York Journal of Books.

Use Brother Sun, Sister Moon with either Demi’s beautiful, recently published picture-book biography Saint Francis of Assisi

or with Robert F. Kennedy Jr.’s fine Saint Francis of Assisi: A Life of Joy.


4 Comments (+add yours?)

  1. gold account
    Dec 12, 2012 @ 18:06:42

    I’m not Catholic, but I’ve always had an affinity for the gentle St. Francis, who gave up his life of wealth and privilege in medieval Italy to preach to the poor, taking care of the sick and the needy. He’s particularly known for his love of all animals, and his affinity for nature in all its splendor. Renowned children’s author Katherine Paterson reimagines his text, The Canticle of the Sun, in this exquisite new picture book illustrated by Pamela Dalton. The text, written in free verse, sings the praise of the Creator, “who by your power and out of your love have/created all things and called them good.” The text thanks God for the sun, the moon and stars, the wind, water, fire, and earth, but also praises “courageous brothers and sisters/who offer their lives to the making of peace.” Even “Sister Death” is praised, for ushering us into God’s loving presence. At the conclusion, Paterson reproduces St. Francis’ original text, translated from the Umbrian text of the Assisi codex.Pamela Dalton’s exquisite scherenschnitte, or paper cut illustrations, are created, according to her website, in the tradition of early American paper cutting popular in the Pennsylvania Dutch country in the early 19th century. Each piece is first sketched freehand, and then cut by hand from a single piece of paper before being hand colored. The delicacy and intricacy of her work is incredible, and merits many hours poring over her illustrations, which are set on a black background. They capture the every day world of a by-gone era, with adorable children gathering the harvest surrounded by kindly animals, birds, leaves, and flowers. Even the illustration of death is resplendent with life, with dozens of colorful butterflies erupting over the page.I’m sure this gorgeous picture book will be getting a close look from the Caldecott committee. I highly recommend it to all lovers of picture books, and it would be a particularly lovely book to share with your family at Thanksgiving.


    • Janice Floyd Durante
      Jan 23, 2013 @ 19:04:12

      I’m sorry I somehow missed your comment. You’ve highlighted wonderful aspects of this beautiful picture book, which deserves much more attention than it has received. Thanks so much for writing, and I hope you’ll drop in again.


  2. jewellrhodesasu
    Oct 05, 2012 @ 16:19:25

    Katherine Paterson is truly marvelous. I also love Brother Sun, Sister Moon. Children in cities are so disconnected from the natural world. I spent about thirty minutes trying to explain to a child in Phoenix what a “bog” is… Paterson is wonderful for re-introducing the rural, the forested, and the natural. Also, St. Francis is my daughter’s favorite saint. Thanks for the recommendations!


    • Janice Floyd Durante
      Oct 08, 2012 @ 12:32:05

      You’re so welcome, Jewell! Thanks for writing. I admire Paterson’s work so much. This picture book has such spectacular illustrations I thought it should be a contender for the Caldecott.
      St. Francis was (and is) my favorite saint, too.
      How’s your latest novel coming along, Jewell?


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